THE MOZAMBICAN CASHEW SECTOR

Agriculture, in Mozambique, is an important sector of the economy. It employs about 84% of the workforce and contributes to 28% of gross domestic product (GDP), 3% of which is generated by the cashew sector. About 42% of farmers in Mozambique have cashew plants, although one farmer has only ten to twenty trees on average. The largest cashew producing area is the Nampula province, which is the ​​intervention area of ACi. However, the majority of cashew trees are over 30 years old.  The national harvest therefore depends on the effectiveness of spraying campaigns. With the support of ACi, 3,000 farmers were Fair Trade certified in 2010. This number is expected to rise in the forthcoming years.


What did the African Cashew initiative (ACi)
achieve in its first phase? An excerpt

ACi has implemented 75,000 training sessions for about 50,000 farmers. The focus in Mozambique was on the rejuvenation of cashew plantations. The initiative helped establish four scion banks for improved planting material and produced over 780,000 grafted seedlings for a long-term rejuvenation of tree populations. In 2012, ACi distributed nearly 400,000 seedlings to farmers. In terms of organizational support the initiative supported the Association of cashew processors (AICAJU) to form a powerful, member-funded association with a range of services to its members.


What ACi is focussing on in its second phase?

In its second phase, ACi emphasizes the rehabilitation of cashew plantations. 69, 183 farmers and 120 farmer trainers so far have received training on the establishment of new plantations. The distribution of seedlings was closely linked to farmer trainings on creation of new farms. 1.5 million seedlings have been produced and distributed in Mozambique to increase productivity in the coming seasons, yet another 400.000 seedlings will be distributed by the end of 2015.

Activities in the second phase are implemented via the Matching Fund partners INCAJU – the Cashew Promotion Institute, AICAJU – the Association of Cashew Processors, and the ACi Liaison Office. OLAM Moçambique recently joined with an IDH project. AICAJU and OLAM focus on linking farmers to local processors.

A cashew radio programme has been running in Mozambique since 2014. In order to enhance accessibility, the farmer trainers and partners are equipped with transistors with usb entries so that a program can be shared with a group of producers anywhere and at any time. These programmes are regularly updated. INCAJU uses the program to announce their activities to farmers.

The Nampula Province, where ACi operates, particularly the area known as the heart of cashews, was hit by torrential rains in March 2015. Consequently, the cashew harvest will be the main source of income for the farmers who have lost majority of their annual crops to the floods. It has therefore become increasingly important to control the cashew powdery mildew disease to reduce harvest loss. ACi trainings are currently geared towards this to ensure precise and timely sprayings and awareness of the economics involved in sprayings. ACi has also supported 2, 000 families with sweet potatoes cuttings and vegetable seeds to be planted. 

 

 

 

CONTACT ADDRESS

Mr. Ernest Mintah
Ernest.Mintah@giz.de

 

 

 DOCUMENTS

 










Country Report | March 2013

 










Country study | February 2010 (PDF, 6 MB)

 

Outcome Sheets Mozambique